1. Install & Sync Zotero2. Save sources to Zotero3. Organize your Zotero library4. Create bibliographies5. Zotero plug-in for MS Word6. Zotero Groups & Collaboration7. Tips and Tricks
1. Install EndNote2. Create an Endnote Library3. Add Citations to an EndNote Library4. Generate Citations & Bibliographies in MS WordFAQEndNote Connection Files
This is the "Overview" page of the "Citing Sources" guide.
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Citing Sources   Tags: bibtex, citations, citing_sources, endnote, zotero  

This guide provides an overview of citation managers offered at Brandeis, as well as a information on print and online citation guides.
Last Updated: Jun 10, 2015 URL: http://brandeis.libguides.com/citations Print Guide RSS Updates

Overview Print Page

What is a Citation?

What is a citation? A citation....

  • describes a book, journal article, website, or other published item. can also describe primary sources, manuscripts or data.
  • gives credit to the originator of an idea, thus preventing plagiarism
  • enables the reader to understand where to retrieve the item you refer to
  • often includes basic "metadata" or descriptor fields such as author, title, source (publisher and place of publication or URL), and date

A citation manager is a tool which helps you to store, organize and output your citations in the format you prefer.

A citation manager can help automate the creation of bibliographies in your research papers.


Options for Citation Management

In addition to EndNote, Library and Technology Services now supports the web-based  Zotero citation management system, giving the Brandeis research community a choice among two tools to help manage citations, generate bibliographies, and more...

Like EndNote, Zotero allows you to add, store, and organize citations to information resources such as journal articles, books, and websites. But there are some important differences among the three. If you’re already using EndNote, why would you switch to  Zotero? Which citation management tool is right for you? Here is a summary - see also the full comparison chart.


Zotero is an easy-to-use open source tool that's available either as a desktop application or via the web. With Zotero, it is especially easy to capture and save citations found on web pages, and to add notes and other information to saved citations for efficient and creative organization.


EndNote is a very sophisticated citation manager that offers the largest number of citation formats and options. The files reside on the computer which does not make it dependent on an internet connection; it does offer a basic but less functional web-based option; it is considered more difficult to learn and use. EndNote allows the user to organize and retain PDF and other file formats of cited works.

EndNote Web is generally easy to use and accessible from any computer with internet access. You can sync your citation library between your computer-based EndNote program and EndNote Web in the cloud or use EndNote Web as a backup of your EndNote materials.


"The word BibTeX stands for a tool and a file format which are used to describe and process lists of references, mostly in conjunction with LaTeX documents."

A slideshow about how to use Bibdesk, a LaTeX-oriented bibliography management and research database tool is on John Burt's personal website.

The slideshow covers:
1. How to make a BibTeX database and how to use it in a LaTeX document
2. How to use Bibdesk to manage entries in your BibTeX database
3. How to export bibliographies or entries from BibTeX into other formats (such as Endnote, and, with some massaging, into Word)
4. Automatically extracting bibliographic entries, abstracts, keywords, and so forth from JSTOR, EBSCO, Google Scholar, Brandeis OneSearch, and the Library of Congress
5. Using Bibdesk to organize notes on articles, links to articles, and pdf copies of articles
There is additional information about bibdesk/LaTeX install and usage is also available at:
For a more complete explanation, a library guide from University of BC is available at:
A website devoted to explaining the use of BibTeX also exists at:

    Library Technology Services


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